Monthly Archives: January 2014

Visual hallucinosis/hallucinations and Parkinson disease

Complex visual hallucinations and hallucinosis occurs frequently (5-40%) in patients with Parkinson’s disease, especially after many years of treatment with dopaminergic drugs. Duration and severity of the disease, the presence of depression, sleep problems and cognitive decline are predisposing factors. … Continue reading

Posted in Cognition and Behavior, Parkinson Disease | Leave a comment

Preventing Alzheimer

The best you can do to prevent Alzheimer disease, according to scientific studies, is having a healthy midlife life. You should run (at least 30min by day or what is sufficient for sweating) (Defina et al. Ann Med Int 2013) … Continue reading

Posted in Alzheimer | Leave a comment

The mysterious left side of the space around ourselves

One side of the brain controls the opposite side of the body. However there are differences between the left and the right hemispheres of the brain. Unilateral spatial neglect is a cluster of symptoms characterized by a failure to orient, … Continue reading

Posted in Cognition and Behavior, Unilateral Spatial Neglect | Leave a comment

The railway station in the hospital

Several years ago, during the visit in the morning, I discussed with a 75  y o man who suffered from a multifocal stroke of the right hemisphere few days before. He had left spatial neglect and anosognosia of hemiparesis, some … Continue reading

Posted in Cognition and Behavior, Stroke | Leave a comment

The Cruciform Syndrome

The Cruciform syndrome indicates a motor deficit corresponding to a brachial diplegia (brachial palsy predominant in comparison to inferior limb paresis). This kind of tetraparesis occurs with acute cervical medullary lesions or trauma. The term man in the barrel also … Continue reading

Posted in Spine | Leave a comment

Mirror Agnosia

According to the definition of Ramachandran et al. (Proc. R. Soc. Lond. 1997,264, 645-647) mirror agnosia indicates the condition by which patients confuse the mirror image of an object with the real object and try to grasp it on verbal … Continue reading

Posted in Cognition and Behavior | 3 Comments

Ramsay Hunt syndrome and Bell’s palsy

Ramsay Hunt Syndrome or ‘Zoster Oticus’ is a rare, severe complication of varicella zoster virus (VZV) or Herpes Simplex Virus (HSV) reactivation in the geniculate ganglion. The triad of RHS consists of otalgia, vesicles in the auditory canal and ipsilateral … Continue reading

Posted in Uncategorized | Leave a comment

‘Tardive dystonia’

I have seen some patients with blepharospasm or segmental dystonia as ‘tardive dystonia’ after treatments with neuroleptics (especially haloperidol). These patients had also ‘tardive dyskinesia’. The pathophysiology of tardive dystonia is unclear and the doubt arises whether these individuals (generally with psychiatric … Continue reading

Posted in Movement disorders | Leave a comment