Archivi del mese: gennaio 2014

Visual hallucinosis/hallucinations and Parkinson disease

Complex visual hallucinations and hallucinosis occurs frequently (5-40%) in patients with Parkinson’s disease, especially after many years of treatment with dopaminergic drugs. Duration and severity of the disease, the presence of depression, sleep problems and cognitive decline are predisposing factors. … Continua a leggere

Pubblicato in Cognition and Behavior, Parkinson Disease | Lascia un commento

Preventing Alzheimer

The best you can do to prevent Alzheimer disease, according to scientific studies, is having a healthy midlife life. You should run (at least 30min by day or what is sufficient for sweating) (Defina et al. Ann Med Int 2013) … Continua a leggere

Pubblicato in Alzheimer | Lascia un commento

The mysterious left side of the space around ourselves

One side of the brain controls the opposite side of the body. However there are differences between the left and the right hemispheres of the brain. Unilateral spatial neglect is a cluster of symptoms characterized by a failure to orient, … Continua a leggere

Pubblicato in Cognition and Behavior, Unilateral Spatial Neglect | Lascia un commento

The railway station in the hospital

Several years ago, during the visit in the morning, I discussed with a 75  y o man who suffered from a multifocal stroke of the right hemisphere few days before. He had left spatial neglect and anosognosia of hemiparesis, some … Continua a leggere

Pubblicato in Cognition and Behavior, Stroke | Lascia un commento

The Cruciform Syndrome

The Cruciform syndrome indicates a motor deficit corresponding to a brachial diplegia (brachial palsy predominant in comparison to inferior limb paresis). This kind of tetraparesis occurs with acute cervical medullary lesions or trauma. The term man in the barrel also … Continua a leggere

Pubblicato in Spine | Lascia un commento

Mirror Agnosia

According to the definition of Ramachandran et al. (Proc. R. Soc. Lond. 1997,264, 645-647) mirror agnosia indicates the condition by which patients confuse the mirror image of an object with the real object and try to grasp it on verbal … Continua a leggere

Pubblicato in Cognition and Behavior | 3 commenti

Ramsay Hunt syndrome and Bell’s palsy

Ramsay Hunt Syndrome or ‘Zoster Oticus’ is a rare, severe complication of varicella zoster virus (VZV) or Herpes Simplex Virus (HSV) reactivation in the geniculate ganglion. The triad of RHS consists of otalgia, vesicles in the auditory canal and ipsilateral … Continua a leggere

Pubblicato in Uncategorized | Lascia un commento

‘Tardive dystonia’

I have seen some patients with blepharospasm or segmental dystonia as ‘tardive dystonia’ after treatments with neuroleptics (especially haloperidol). These patients had also ‘tardive dyskinesia’. The pathophysiology of tardive dystonia is unclear and the doubt arises whether these individuals (generally with psychiatric … Continua a leggere

Pubblicato in Movement disorders | Lascia un commento